(IV) A global society without segregation and discrimination, the source of hatred and division, is a fundamental objective of the United Nations. Central point: centuries later, we still remember how these treaties made the world a new world. Wherever there are states, there are treaties. Since ancient times, treaties have been a decisive instrument of state art and diplomacy. Because treaties are agreements between different states, often concluded at the end of a conflict, they fundamentally redevelop borders, economies, alliances and international relations. Here are five of the most important treaties in history. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted on 10 December 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly, is the result of the experience of the Second World War. With the end of this war and the creation of the United Nations, the international community has never again promised to allow atrocities like the one in this conflict. Heads of state and government around the world have decided to supplement the UN Charter with a roadmap to guarantee the rights of everyone everywhere. The document they examined, which would later become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was taken up at the first session of the General Assembly in 1946. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (USSR) is therefore a document that acts as a global roadmap for freedom and equality – and protects the rights of everyone everywhere. It was the first time that countries have agreed on freedoms and rights that deserve universal protection, so that every human being can live his or her life freely, on an equal footing and with dignity.
Work on the UDHR began in 1946 with an editorial board made up of representatives from a large number of countries, including the United States, Lebanon and China. The drafting committee was then expanded to include representatives from Australia, Chile, France, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom, so that the document was able to benefit from the contributions of states from all regions and their different religious, political and cultural contexts. The first draft declaration was proposed in September 1948, with the participation of more than 50 Member States. By its resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948, the General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, with eight nations abstaining but sending none. The entire text of the UDHR was drafted in less than two years. At a time when the world was divided into Eastern and Western blocs, finding common ground on what was to be the essence of the document proved to be a daunting task. The Treaty of Paris (1783), the oldest treaty signed by the United States, ended the American Revolution and founded the United States – for that reason alone, it is one of the most important treaties in the history of the world.